Guilty Verdict Stands for Failure to Preserve Issue for Appeal

Guilty Verdict of Insurance Fraud Stands for Lack of Appellate Issues

The appellate courts of the state of New York are noted for the ability to write a succinct, clear and unambiguous decision on an appeal by a convicted criminal. In The People Of The State Of New York v. Kevin A. Ashby, No. 2021-07434, Supreme Court of New York, Fourth Department (December 23, 2021) Kevin A. Ashby appealed from a judgment that convicted him upon a jury verdict of insurance fraud in the third degree and attempted grand larceny in the third degree only to have his appeal rejected summarily.


On appeal from a judgment convicting him upon a jury verdict of insurance fraud in the third degree (Penal Law § 176.20), defendant Ashby contended that the indictment is jurisdictionally defective.

The failure of the first count of the indictment to recite all the elements of the crime in full “did not constitute a jurisdictional defect because that count specifically referred to the applicable section of the Penal Law” and is not sufficient to maintain an appeal to a conviction.

Although defendant contended that each count of the indictment is legally insufficient because the counts do not set forth sufficient factual allegations, he failed to preserve his contention for review, and the court declined to exercise its power to review it as a matter of discretion in the interest of justice.

Ashby also contended that count one of the indictments was impermissibly amended. Contrary to defendant’s contention he was required to preserve that contention for appellate review.


Insurance fraud perpetrators who are convicted by a jury are usually so shocked that they were arrested, tried and convicted that they immediately file an appeal even if they have no viable ground supporting the appeal. Mr. Ashby’s appeal was simply inadequate and was disposed of with alacrity by the appellate court for failure to preserve any of the issues at trial and because he was properly charged, tried, convicted and sentenced.

© 2022 – Barry Zalma

Barry Zalma, Esq., CFE, now limits his practice to service as an insurance consultant specializing in insurance coverage, insurance claims handling, insurance bad faith and insurance fraud almost equally for insurers and policyholders.

He also serves as an arbitrator or mediator for insurance related disputes. He practiced law in California for more than 44 years as an insurance coverage and claims handling lawyer and more than 54 years in the insurance business.

Subscribe to “Zalma on Insurance” at and “Excellence in Claims Handling” at

You can contact Mr. Zalma at,, and . Mr. Zalma is the first recipient of the first annual Claims Magazine/ACE Legend Award.

You may find interesting the podcast “Zalma On Insurance” at;  you can follow Mr. Zalma on Twitter at; you should  see Barry Zalma’s videos on YouTube-; or videos on Go to the Insurance Claims Library – The last two issues of ZIFL are available at 

This entry was posted in Zalma on Insurance. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.