A Video Explaining Various Defenses to Intentional Torts
See the full video at https://rumble.com/vicm67-defenses-to-intentional-torts.html?mref=6zof&mrefc=2 and at https://youtu.be/W-fmnrzlnQc
Self-Defense and Defense of a Third Party
The California Civil Code states:
Any necessary force may be used to protect from wrongful injury the person or property of oneself, or of a wife, husband, child, parent, or other relative, or member of one’s family, or of a ward, servant, master or guest. (California Civil Code § 50)
The person must reasonably believe that danger exists, and must use only such force as is reasonably necessary.
Deadly force or force likely to cause bodily harm is not justified merely in defense of property. Spring guns or other deadly mechanical devices are to be used only if deadly force is justifiable. Deadly force may be used against a felonious trespasser.
Use of Reasonable Force
This is always a defense. For example:
- holding a violent person’s arms behind his back;
- striking a dog about to attack a child;
- holding a person who was intentionally striking a child; or
- escorting a trespasser off the premises.
Defenses to Defamation, Including Libel and Slander
Defenses to False Imprisonment
Reasonable detention without arrest is a judicial privilege codified by California Penal Code § 490.5(f)(1). For example, a storekeeper who believes a theft has been committed may detain the suspected person for a reasonable time.
Defense of Champerty And Maintenance
Using venture capital to finance litigation has been tolerated in many states because defendants often have more funds available than injured plaintiffs. Recently, the Ohio Supreme Court, and a few others, have called into question whether such arrangements violate the traditional rule against champerty and maintenance.
© 2021 – Barry Zalma
Barry Zalma, Esq., CFE, now limits his practice to service as an insurance consultant specializing in insurance coverage, insurance claims handling, insurance bad faith and insurance fraud almost equally for insurers and policyholders. He also serves as an arbitrator or mediator for insurance related disputes. He practiced law in California for more than 44 years as an insurance coverage and claims handling lawyer and more than 52 years in the insurance business. He is available at http://www.zalma.com and firstname.lastname@example.org.
Mr. Zalma is the first recipient of the first annual Claims Magazine/ACE Legend Award.
Over the last 53 years Barry Zalma has dedicated his life to insurance, insurance claims and the need to defeat insurance fraud. He has created the following library of books and other materials to make it possible for insurers and their claims staff to become insurance claims professionals.
Go to the podcast Zalma On Insurance at https://anchor.fm/barry-zalma; Follow Mr. Zalma on Twitter at https://twitter.com/bzalma; Go to Barry Zalma videos at Rumble.com at https://rumble.com/c/c-262921; Go to Barry Zalma on YouTube- https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCysiZklEtxZsSF9DfC0Expg; Go to the Insurance Claims Library – https://zalma.com/blog/insurance-claims-library/ Read posts from Barry Zalma at https://parler.com/profile/Zalma/posts; and the last two issues of ZIFL at https://zalma.com/zalmas-insurance-fraud-letter-2/ podcast now available at https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/zalma-on-insurance/id1509583809?uo=4