Claims Commandments

Claims Commandment III: Thou Shall Communicate Often With The Third Party Insured and the Claimant


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Insurance claims is a service business. The claims person – whether acting for the insurer or the insured – provides a service to the insured and the insurer. Communication is essential to providing the service promised by the insurance policy.

In some states, like California, communications are required by regulation:

Every insurer shall disclose to a first party claimant or beneficiary, all benefits, coverage, time limits or other provisions of any insurance policy issued by that insurer that may apply to the claim presented by the claimant. When additional benefits might reasonably be payable under an insured’s policy upon receipt of additional proofs of claim, the insurer shall immediately communicate this fact to the insured and cooperate with and assist the insured in determining the extent of the insurer’s additional liability. [10 CCR 2695.4 (a)]

This means that the initial written contact with an insured in a first party property claim should advise the insured of all benefits, coverage, time limits, or other provisions of any insurance policy issued by that insurer that may apply to the claim presented by a first party insured.

When a claims person receives any communication from an insured, third party claimant, or a representative of the insured or claimant regarding a claim that reasonably suggests that a response is expected, he or she should immediately after receipt of that communication furnish the claimant with a complete response based on the facts as then known by the claims person. Some regulations allow the claims person up to 20 days to respond. Good claims handling requires an immediate response. If the response is oral rather than written it should be noted in the claims person’s file or log.

Upon receiving notice of claim, every insurance claims person should immediately do the following:

  • Acknowledge receipt of such notice to the claimant or insured.
  • If the acknowledgment is not in writing, a notation of acknowledgment must be made in the insurer’s claim file and dated.
  • Provide to the claimant or insured necessary forms, instructions, and reasonable assistance, including but not limited to, specifying the information the claimant must provide for proof of claim;
  • Begin any necessary investigation of the claim.

The investigation must be “real.”  The claims person or investigator must actually contact the insured, the claimant, the witnesses and start collecting the documents needed to complete the claims investigation. Investigation and must be started immediately after receiving notice of claim.

Merely reading a policy wording and notice of claim is not the beginning of an investigation or an investigation at all.

Upon receiving proof of claim, every insurance claims person should immediately accept or deny the claim, in whole or in part. Proof of claim is not the proof of loss required as a condition of the policy. A proof of claim is where the insured provides the insurer sufficient information to allow the insurer to determine part or all of the insured’s claim. The amounts accepted or denied shall be clearly documented in the claim file unless the claim has been denied in its entirety.

Some states allow up to 40 calendar days to respond to a proof of claim. If more time is required to determine whether a claim should be accepted and/or denied in whole or in part, the claims person should provide the claimant or insured written notice of the need for additional time.

The written notice should specify any additional information the insurance claims person requires in order to decide. The written notice should state any continuing reasons for the insurer’s inability to decide. Thereafter, the written notice concerning additional time to complete an investigation, should be provided to the insured at least every thirty calendar days until a determination is made.

If the determination cannot be made until some future event occurs, then the claims person should comply with this continuing notice requirement by advising the claimant and/or insured of the situation and providing an estimate as to when the determination can be made.

Effective diary systems are essential to professional claims handling or the Regulations will be violated with regularity.

Every claims person must conduct and diligently pursue a thorough, fair and objective investigation and should not persist in seeking information not reasonably required for or material to the resolution of a claim dispute.

The claims person’s obligation is not limited to communication with the insured or the claimant.

In addition, the claims person and the insurer have an obligation to communicate with the state, police agencies, or prosecutors if they suspect that an insured or a claimant is attempting fraud.

In California, and most states, such a communication is absolutely immune from suit. Pursuant to section California Civil Code Section 47(b), a privilege is stated that bars a civil action for damages for communications made “[i]n any (1) legislative proceeding, (2) judicial proceeding, (3) in any other official proceeding authorized by law, or (4) in the initiation or course of any other proceeding authorized by law and reviewable pursuant to [statutes governing writs of mandate],” with certain statutory exceptions.

The privilege established by this subdivision often is referred to as an “absolute” privilege, and it bars all tort causes of action except a claim for malicious prosecution. “The absolute privilege in section 47 represents a value judgment that facilitating the “utmost freedom of communication between citizens and public authorities whose responsibility is to investigate and remedy wrongdoing” is more important than the “‘occasional harm that might befall a defamed individual.’” (See Imig v. Ferrar (1977) 70 Cal. App. 3d 48, 55-56 [138 Cal. Rptr. 540].)”

To fulfill Commandment III the claims person must communicate promptly and often with the insured, the claimant and the insured (if a third party claim) and counsel for each. In doing so the claims person establishes a rapport with the insured and/or claimant and will make resolution of the claim easier.

No claims person should ever misrepresent or conceal benefits, coverages, time limits or other provisions of the policy from the insured or the claimant.

(c) 2022 Barry Zalma & ClaimSchool, Inc.

Barry Zalma, Esq., CFE, now limits his practice to service as an insurance consultant specializing in insurance coverage, insurance claims handling, insurance bad faith and insurance fraud almost equally for insurers and policyholders. He practiced law in California for more than 44 years as an insurance coverage and claims handling lawyer and more than 54 years in the insurance business. He is available at and and receive videos limited to subscribers of Excellence in Claims Handling at to Excellence in Claims Handling at

Write to Mr. Zalma at; http://www.zalma.com; daily articles are published at Go to the podcast Zalma On Insurance at; Follow Mr. Zalma on Twitter at; Go to Barry Zalma videos at at; Go to Barry Zalma on YouTube-; Go to the Insurance Claims Library –

About Barry Zalma

An insurance coverage and claims handling author, consultant and expert witness with more than 48 years of practical and court room experience.
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